Fennoscandian Mineral Deposits application, Ore Deposits database and Maps
Essential information on a still under-explored region
- The maps and the database have been compiled in a joint project between the geological surveys of Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden. The database contains information on nearly 1700 mines, deposits and significant occurrences across the region. By country, there is information on:
- 369 deposits in Finland
- 234 deposits in Norway
- 249 deposits in Russia
- 831 deposits in Sweden
- The metallogenic map contains 168 major metallogenic areas. Of these 46 are completely or mostly in Finland, 40 in Norway, 41 in Russia, and 41 in Sweden; these include 24 areas that cross international borders. By metal group, there are:
- 48 areas dominated by potential on ferrous metals (Fe, Mn, Ti, V, Cr),
- 36 on copper, zinc or lead (Cu, Zn, Pb),
- 31 on precious metals (Ag, Au, PGE),
- 30 on nickel or cobalt (Ni, Co),
- 11 on metals used in modern advanced technologies (Li, PGE, REE, Ta, Zr).
- The industrial mineral deposit map indicates nearly 600 mineral deposits in Fennoscandia, of which 110 are currently active mines. The number of closed mines is 223 and 250 have not been exploited at all. The deposits on the map represent 35 different mineral commodities, of which 16 are in production at present. Of the active mines and unexploited deposits, about 100 contain resources of critical minerals or minerals which contain critical metals. In total, the map indicates:
- 112 deposits in Finland
- 127 deposits in Norway
- 120 deposits in Russia
- 224 deposits in Sweden
- Of all industrial deposits listed in the database, if we exclude the 498 mostly very small historic mines, 61 % have not been exploited at all. However, a number of these might well be economic in the future with additional reserves based on further exploration.
- There are 67 active mines, 13 large closed mines, 22 large unexploited deposits and 57 potentially large deposits in the metal and phosphate deposit database based on the relative value of the in situ commodity contents. These include, by their apparently most significant commodity: 30 Ni, 23 Fe, 20 Au, 20 V, 11 Cr, 9 Cu, 16 REE, 7 9 PGE, 8 Zn, 4 Nb, 3 Ti, 4 U, 3 Be, 2 apatite, 1 Co, and 1 Pb deposit. Naturally, a large majority of these also contain other potentially extractable commodities. For example, eight of the REE-dominated deposits also are major apatite, and all the Ni deposits are major cobalt resources, respectively.
- The FODD contains information on location, mining history, tonnage and commodity grades with a comment on data quality, geological setting, age, ore mineralogy, style of mineralisation, genetic models, and the primary sources of data. See the explanatory notes (540 KB) for the database. Please, note that the resource information for a deposit in the FODD is not necessarily in accordance with modern industrial standards (e.g. JORC and NI 43-101 codes), as such information only exists for some deposits recently explored or presently under exploitation.
- Information on Critical metals and minerals in Fennoscandia is now available:
Critical metals and minerals in Fennoscandia
The list of critical metals and minerals is mostly based on European Commission’s Raw Materials Initiative of 2008, updated in 2014 and 2017 in which 26 economically important metals and minerals, that are subject to a higher risk of supply interruption are labeled as critical (e.g. REE, PGE, Co, W, Be, fluorspar, graphite etc.).
Examples of end-2016 metal and phosphate deposit data:
Mines active in Fennoscandia
Large metal mines in Fennoscandia
Large unexploited metal deposits in Fennoscandia
Potentially large unexploited deposits in Fennoscandia
Closed large metal mines in Fennoscandia