In accordance with national climate and energy policy, GTK’s energy supply and environment segment promotes reduced dependence on imported energy supplies, low-emission modes of energy production and adjustment to the impacts of climate change. Energy research includes application of ground-based heating and cooling to larger structures, identification of stable sites for nuclear power plants and underground storage of spent nuclear fuel, as well as mapping of Finland’s vast peat reserves with a view to suitability as a fuel source and industrial usability. Studies of seabed geology generated reliable data on long-term climate and environmental changes through modelling of climate trends. The work is valuable in development of planning measures to adjust to climate change impacts.
Nuclear energy use inevitably produces radioactive waste.
The task of Nuclear Waste Management is to handle this waste in a way that does not pose unreasonable harm now or in the future. GTK produces for the disposal companies and authorities the geological, geochemical and geophysical research data they need to implement disposal and to assess its safety.
Uranium is the raw material of the fuel used in nuclear reactors. Current nuclear power plants used in electricity production and the nuclear power capacity being built form a relatively stable demand for uranium. Because the uranium deposits are limited, uranium is prospected also in Finland. GTK produces expert services related to the geology of uranium.
GTK expert services