In accordance with national climate and energy policy, GTK’s energy supply and environment segment promotes reduced dependence on imported energy supplies, low-emission modes of energy production and adjustment to the impacts of climate change. Energy research includes application of ground-based heating and cooling to larger structures, identification of stable sites for nuclear power plants and underground storage of spent nuclear fuel, as well as mapping of Finland’s vast peat reserves with a view to suitability as a fuel source and industrial usability. Studies of seabed geology generated reliable data on long-term climate and environmental changes through modelling of climate trends. The work is valuable in development of planning measures to adjust to climate change impacts.
Increasing climate change has created new challenges for society, such as increased use of fossil fuels in energy production, heating, industry and transportation has increased the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere. As an EU member, Finland adheres to the EU’s emission reduction objectives. Finland's energy and climate change strategy lists various ways to reduce emissions by 2020.
GTK meets the objective of the national strategy of increasing self-sufficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy sources in energy production. Central themes include industrial-grade peat resources, environmental impacts of production and utilising geoenergy, especially in the heating and cooling solutions of large premises. Furthermore, GTK’s research promotes finding disposal solutions for nuclear waste and the new location. One of the important research themes is adapting to climate change and cost-effective solutions. The focus of the project, carried out as Finnish and international cooperation, is on the Baltic Sea, its development and the solutions for using the seafloor. GTK also follows the international development related to storing carbon dioxide (CCS) and participates in the related European network cooperation of geological institutes to maintain expertise.